Wales aaaaaaaa

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Wales aaaaaaaa

Post  kosovohp on Tue Sep 28, 2010 2:45 am

Wales (en-us-Wales.ogg /ˈweɪlz/ (help·info) Welsh: Cymru;[4] pronounced [ˈkəmrɨ] Cymru.ogg (help·info)) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom,[5] bordered by England to its east and the Atlantic Ocean and Irish Sea to its west. It has an estimated population of three million and is officially bilingual with the Welsh and English languages having equal status. The Welsh language is an important element of Welsh culture. Its decline has reversed over recent years, with fluent Welsh speakers estimated to be around 20% of the population of Wales.[6][7]

During the Iron Age and early medieval period, Wales was inhabited by the Celtic Britons. A distinct Welsh national identity emerged in the centuries after the Roman withdrawal from Britain in the 5th century and Wales is regarded as one of the modern Celtic nations today.[8][9][10] In the 13th century, the defeat of Llewelyn by Edward I completed the Anglo-Norman conquest of Wales and brought about centuries of English occupation. Wales was subsequently incorporated into England with the Laws in Wales Acts 1535–1542, creating the legal entity known today as England and Wales. Distinctive Welsh politics developed in the 19th century and, in 1881, the Welsh Sunday Closing Act became the first legislation applied exclusively to Wales. In 1999, the National Assembly for Wales was created, which holds responsibility for a range of devolved matters.

In 1955, Cardiff (Welsh: Caerdydd) was proclaimed as the capital of Wales. It is the country's most populous city with a population of 317,500. For a period, it was the biggest coal port in the world[11] and, for a few years before the First World War, handled a greater tonnage of cargo than either London or Liverpool.[12] Two-thirds of the population of Wales live in South Wales, with another concentration in eastern North Wales. Tourists visiting Wales have been drawn to its "wild ... and picturesque" landscapes.[13][14] From the late 19th century onwards, Wales acquired its popular image as the "land of song", attributable in part to the revival of the eisteddfod tradition

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