Society of the United States

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Society of the United States

Post  kosovohp on Sat Oct 02, 2010 1:08 pm

The United States is a multicultural nation, home to a wide variety of ethnic groups, traditions, and values.[7][178] Aside from the now small Native American and Native Hawaiian populations, nearly all Americans or their ancestors immigrated within the past five centuries.[179] The culture held in common by most Americans—mainstream American culture—is a Western culture largely derived from the traditions of European immigrants with influences from many other sources, such as traditions brought by slaves from Africa.[7][180] More recent immigration from Asia and especially Latin America has added to a cultural mix that has been described as both a homogenizing melting pot and a heterogeneous salad bowl in which immigrants and their descendants retain distinctive cultural characteristics.[7]

According to Geert Hofstede's cultural dimensions analysis, the United States has the highest individualism score of any country studied.[181] While the mainstream culture holds that the United States is a classless society,[182] scholars identify significant differences between the country's social classes, affecting socialization, language, and values.[183] The American middle and professional class has initiated many contemporary social trends such as modern feminism, environmentalism, and multiculturalism.[184] Americans' self-images, social viewpoints, and cultural expectations are associated with their occupations to an unusually close degree.[185] While Americans tend greatly to value socioeconomic achievement, being ordinary or average is generally seen as a positive attribute.[186] Though the American Dream, or the perception that Americans enjoy high social mobility, plays a key role in attracting immigrants, various studies indicate that the United States has less social mobility than Canada and the Nordic countries

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